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Lippan Work

23:23 Designs supports Lippan Artisans from Kutch.

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Mud and mirror work also known as Lippan kaam is a traditional mural craft of Kutch. It is also called as Chittar kaam. Its origins are not known even though various communities in Kutch who have their own distinct style resonate with it. Most communities live in circular mud houses known as Bhungas that have thatched roofs. These houses have evolved over the years to survive the harsh climatic conditions of Kutch. The inner walls of the homes are adorned with decorative mud-mirror work. Materials used are locally available in the region.

The glittering mirrors in the mud-relief work brighten up the interiors of the houses with just a single lamp. Though the work is limited mainly to the interior walls, it can be found on the outer walls as well. Commonly made designs consist of peacock, camel, elephant, water bearer women, women churning buttermilk, temples, mango tree, etc.

Amongst the Rabari and Meghwal communities from Kutch it is the women who carry out the craft, whereas amongst the Mutwa community it is men who do the mud-mirror work. The work adorning the walls of Rabaris reflects their love for embellishments and they have similar designs and motifs in their embroideries. The mirrors are believed to ward off evil and are therefore found as an integral part of their embroideries and their walls.

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